Chang'an Automobile (Group) Co Ltd (
Its production capacity is primarily composed of no frills passenger cars and mini vehicles, smaller trucks and vans that see commercial use.
The company recently released a new logo for its consumer offerings; commercial production retains the red one.
- 1 History
- 2 Joint ventures
- 3 Production bases and facilities
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
In the late 1950s its predecessor company, Chang'an Factory, assembled a jeep sold under the brand name Yangtze River. By the end of the 1980s the company was also producing mini vehicles, small trucks and vans that see commercial use.
- Main article: Chang'an Suzuki
Technical and commercial cooperation with Suzuki Motors, beginning in 1983, saw Chang'an assembling inexpensive commercial trucks (originally the Suzuki Carry ST90) under license into the 2000s. The two companies formed Chongqing Chang'an Suzuki Automobile Co in 1993 which built licensed versions of the Suzuki Alto and Suzuki Cultus, and more recently also the Swift. In parallel with its Suzuki joint venture, Chang'an also continues to build microvans and microtrucks based on the 1999 Suzuki Carry license, but independently developed vehicles are quickly replacing them. These small vans and trucks are not necessarily Suzuki-branded, although that Japanese automaker's technology is used in their design and manufacture.
In 2010 production capacity at Chang'an Suzuki was estimated at 180,000 units/year and the number of 4S stores, what it calls its dealer network outlets, 1000. Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.
In 2010 Chang'an was supposed to merge its Suzuki joint venture with that of Changhe, another automaker that participates in a JV with this Japanese company. This plan, supported by Suzuki, did not see fruition.
- Main article: Chang'an Ford
Making Chinese-market versions of the Fiesta, Focus, Edge, and Mondeo, etc. its 2010 dealer network was estimated to include nearly 350 showrooms, many in second and third-tier Chinese cities.
Alongside many other Sino-western joint ventures seeking to sell cheaper models to inland cities, Chang'an Ford will also create its own brand. Chang'an Ford JV products already compete in inland cities against cheaper products made by indigenous manufacturers.
As a result of cooperation with Ford, the company has also produced Volvo-branded cars. Production of the Volvo S40 and S80, begun in 2007, will continue, although this Swedish automaker was recently purchased from Ford by Geely.
PSA Peugeot Citroën
- Main article: Chang'an PSA
Chang'an and this French automaker signed a letter of intent in 2010 to set up a 50/50 passenger car and light commercial vehicle-making joint venture. Initial production capacity is estimated to be 200,000 units/year. Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.
After six years of R&D, Chang'an debuted a hybrid automobile in 2007. The Jiexun, it was brought to market in June, 2010, and may be followed by an all-electric vehicle in 2011. China subsidies oil, and Chinese automakers see opportunities in less mature electric vehicles because Western companies have yet to develop much of a lead in the technology.
Chang'an has part ownership in number of joint venture companies with both foreign and domestic partners.
- Chongqing Chana Suzuki Automobile Co - 1993–present - With Suzuki Motors
- Chana Ford Automobile Co - 2001–present - With Ford Motor Company
- Chang'an Ford Nanjing Co Ltd - 2001–present - With Ford Motor Company
- Chang'an Ford Mazda Engine - 2005–present - Produces engines with Mazda
- Jiangxi Jiangling Co Ltd - 2004–present - With Jiangling Motors - Produces the Jiangling Landwind
- Unnamed PSA Peugeot Citroen JV - Finalised on 9 July 2010, it will see PSA Peugeot Citroen build cars in China.
Production bases and facilities
Chang'an has four major production bases (in the City of Chongqing, Hebei province, Jiangsu province and Jiangxi province), eleven automobile production bases and two engine production bases in mainland China for a more-current total of 21 vehicle-making bases including newer sites in Anhui province, Guangdong province, Heilongjiang province, Shandong province and Shanxi province.
A planned 300,000 units/year capacity mini-vehicle production base in Hefei, Anhui province, should see completion in 2011. Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.
An existing R&D centre in Beijing (as of 2010, its focus was on commercial and crossover vehicles will soon be joined by a passenger car production base in Fangshan District, Beijing, which will become operational in 2012 and may produce electric vehicles.
Chang'an has numerous sites in the City of Chongqing. A Chang'an-Ford plant and another, planned Chang'an-Ford plant, which may produce engines, are joined by an a Chongqing-based R&D centre and an industrial park in Yubei, Chongqing.
An industrial park in Hebei province may continue to be Chang'an controlled.
A Chang'an-Ford plant and an industrial park in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, may comprise completely Chang'an operations in this province.
A planned Chang'an commercial vehicle production base in Nanchang, capital of Jiangxi province, will produce JMC and Ford-branded vehicles and join a former Changhe} R&D centre as a second facility in this province.
Chang'an has an R&D center in this coastal city.
Chang'an has an assembly plant in Poteau, Oklahoma under the name Tiger Truck.
Overseas R&D centres
Possessing valuable intellectual property, some R&D centres are more-valuable if located in secure, overseas locations. Chang'an has R&D centres in Nottingham, England; Turin, Italy; Yokohama, Japan; and Detroit, Michigan.
- Chang'an Zhixiang
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- Chana > Contact Us > Dealer Application Chana Official Site (Web Archive)
- China rolls out own hybrid car reuters.com, Sat Dec 15, 2007 1:44am EST
- Milestone merger reshapes Suzuki chinadaily.com.cn, 2010-03-29 09:26
- China's Changan unveils new car logo in brand drive reuters.com, Sun Oct 31, 2010 11:55am EDT
- Global Chana Official Chana Site (Global)
- New policy to encourage China's carmaker consolidation xinhuanet.com, 2010-02-22 10:27:20
- Sales surge, but congestion concerns rise people.com.cn, November 15, 2010
- China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
- Company Portrait Chana Official Site
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- Chana History Chana Official Site
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- "Chinese car maker to create 200 new jobs in Nottingham". East Midlands Development Agency. Retrieved on 2011-02-02.
- Chang'an Official site (Chinese)
- Chana Auto Official site (English)
- Chana BenBen/ Benni/ CV6 1.3 Review and Test Drive (English)