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Cadillac Escalade
2005 Cadillac Escalade
Manufacturer General Motors
Production 1999–present
2001-present (ESV)
2002-2013 (EXT)
Class Full-size luxury sport utility vehicle
Related GMC Yukon (Denali) , Chevrolet Tahoe

The Cadillac Escalade is a full-size luxury sport utility vehicle (SUV) sold by the General Motors luxury brand, Cadillac. It was the division's first major entry into the popular SUV market. The Escalade was introduced for the 1999 model year in response to German and Japanese competitors and to Ford's 1998 release of the Lincoln Navigator. The Escalade project went into production only ten months after it was approved. The Escalade is built in Arlington, Texas. The name Escalade refers to a siege warfare tactic of scaling defensive walls or ramparts with the aid of ladders or siege towers.

The Escalade was originally based on the GMC Yukon Denali, but was redesigned for the 2002 model year to make its appearance fall more in line with Cadillac's new design theme. Today, the Escalade and Escalade EXT pickup are two of only three Cadillac vehicles made outside of the United States. Both the Escalade ESV (Based on the Chevrolet Suburban) and Escalade EXT (based on the Avalanche sport utility truck) were made in Silao, Mexico, before the 2006 redesign; the new Escalade ESV is sourced from Arlington, Texas. The Escalade competes with the Range Rover Sport, Infiniti QX56, Mercedes-Benz GL-Class, Lexus LX, Toyota Land Cruiser, Land Rover LR3 and Lincoln Navigator.[1][2]

First generation

GMT 400
Cadillac Escalade
Production 1999–2000
Assembly Arlington, Texas, USA
Body style(s) 5-door SUV
Layout Front engine, four-wheel drive
Platform GM GMT400 platform
Engine(s) 5.7 L Vortec V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 117.5 in (2985 mm)
Length 201.2 in (5110 mm)
Width 77.0 in (1956 mm)
Height 74.3 in (1887 mm)
Related Chevrolet Suburban

GMT400 GMC Yukon Denali, showing similarities to the Escalade

The introduction of the Lincoln Navigator in the 1998 model year necessitated that General Motors be able to compete in the burgeoning American market for full-size luxury-type trucks. This generation was only a five-seat SUV. The first Escalade was a largely unsuccessful endeavor from the start. Fearing the growing hegemony of the Lincoln Navigator, the Escalade was rushed through the design process to reach dealers quickly. Essentially little more than a badge-engineered GMC Yukon Denali, the SUV's aesthetics were similar to the Denali and the final vehicle was smaller than the Navigator. The Escalade's under were borrowed from the Denali line, with the GMC logos on the center caps replaced with Cadillac's crest. The Escalade also used the same 5.7 L Vortec 5700 V8 at 255 hp (190 kW), which was underpowered compared to the Navigator's 300 hp (220 kW) and 365 lb·ft (495 N·m) 5.4 Liter InTech V-8. All first-generation Escalades featured Autotrac selectable 4x4. The interior featured all leather seats with the Escalade logo sprinkled all over the car. It also had a Bose surround system–a first for SUVs. The Escalade also used a slightly different gauge cluster from the standard Tahoes/Yukons. The Escalade gauges featured white needles instead of the standard orange and the speedometer reads to 120 mph.

According to information from the Highway Loss Data Institute, the Cadillac Escalade is the most stolen vehicle in the U.S.[3]

Second Generation

GMT 800
GMT800 Cadillac Escalade ESV
Production 2002–2006
Assembly Arlington, Texas, USA]
Silao, Mexico (EXT, ESV)
Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia[4]
Body style(s) 5-door SUV
4-door sport utility truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / all wheel drive
Platform GM GMT800 platform
Engine(s) 5.3 L Vortec V8
6.0 L Vortec HO V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 116.0 in (2946 mm)
130.0 in (3302 mm) (ESV/EXT)
Length 198.9 in (5052 mm)
221.4 in (5624 mm) (ESV/EXT)
Width 78.9 in (2004 mm)
79.5 in (2019 mm) (ESV/EXT)
Height 76.5 in (1943 mm)
75.7 in (1923 mm) (ESV/EXT)
75.0 in (1905 mm) (ESV Platinum)
Curb weight 5,800 lbs
Related Chevrolet Avalanche
Chevrolet Suburban
Hummer H2

There was no 2001 year Escalade sold for the 2001 model year. The lineup went directly from model year 2000 to 2002. This was done by introducing the 2002 model in January 2001 while still selling the present production 2000 model year car. Rear-wheel drive was standard, as was a 5.3 L V8, with all-wheel drive and the special high-output Vortec 6.0 L V8 engine as options. All models (except for the EXT) began seating 8 people.

The "StabiliTrak" stability control system was upgraded to a four-wheel version for 2003 and power-adjustable pedals were added. For 2004, 20-inch chrome wheels were offered, and XM Satellite Radio, second-row bucket seats, and a tire pressure monitoring system were made standard on all Escalades except the EXT. The 5.3 L engine was dropped for 2005 and the OnStar system was upgraded. Also in 2005, the Platinum edition was introduced at the price of $71,025; it featured heated and cooled cup holders, 20 inch chrome wheels, moon roof, three DVD screens, and chrome accents on the steering wheel and grille.


  • 2002–2003 5.3L LM7 Vortec V8, 285 horsepower (213 kW)
  • 2004–2006 5.3L LM7 Vortec V8, 295 horsepower (220 kW)
  • 2002–2006 6.0L LQ9 HO Vortec V8, 345 horsepower (257 kW)

The HO Vortec takes premium fuel while the other two engines can take a lower grade.

Specification Levels

  • 2002–2006 Cadillac Escalade
  • 2002–2006 Cadillac Escalade EXT
  • 2003–2006 Cadillac Escalade ESV
  • 2004–2006 Cadillac Escalade ESV Platinum

Third Generation

GMT 900
2007–2010 Cadillac Escalade
Also called Cadillac DUU (RUS)
Production 2007–2014
Assembly Arlington, Texas, USA
Silao, Mexico (EXT)
Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia[4]/[5]
Body style(s) 5-door SUV
4-door sport utility truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform GMT900 platform
Engine(s) 6.2 L Vortec V8
Transmission(s) 6-speed automatic
Wheelbase 116.0 in (2946 mm)
130.0 in (3302 mm) (ESV/EXT)
Length 202.5 in (5144 mm)
222.9 in (5662 mm) (ESV)
222.0 in (5639 mm) (EXT)
Width 79.0 in (2007 mm)
79.1 in (2009 mm) (EXT only)
Height 74.7 in (1897 mm) (2007–09 2WD)
74.5 in (1892 mm) (EXT & 2007–09 ESV)
74.3 in (1887 mm) (2007–09 4WD)
2010– SWB: 75.9 in (1928 mm)
2010– ESV: 73.1 in (1857 mm)
Related Chevrolet Tahoe
Chevrolet Avalanche
Chevrolet Suburban
GMC Yukon
GMC Yukon XL

GMT900 Cadillac Escalade ESV

The Escalade moved to the new GMT900 platform for the 2007 model year. Its introduction was accelerated as sales began slipping. The regular Escalade was again joined by a stretched ESV version as well as a new EXT sport utility truck. The 2007 Escalade was the official vehicle of Super Bowl XL, with MVP Hines Ward being awarded one of the first Escalades produced.
Production of the redesigned Escalade began at Arlington Assembly in January 2006. It is priced from US$57,280, though the rear-wheel drive version at this price was not produced until August. The more expensive all-wheel drive version was produced first, followed by the long wheelbase ESV and EXT pickup (the latter sourced from the Silao, Mexico, plant) in June.
The Escalade uses an all-aluminum 6.2 L Vortec V8. This pushrod engine includes variable valve timing, a first in a mass-produced non-overhead cam engine. The system adjusts both intake and exhaust timing between two settings. The engine produces 403 hp (301 kW) (23 hp more than its sister competitor, the GMC Yukon Denali) and 417 ft·lbf (565 N·m) of torque. A new six-speed 6L80 automatic transmission is used. The new body completes a 0.363 drag coefficient. By 2010, the Cadillac escalades base price had climbed for up to about $62,500 for a RWD model, and about $65,200 for an AWD model. This, compared to a Mercedes GL, which is about $59,500 for the AWD diesel, and $60,500 for the AWD V8. This is about $5000 less than a comparable Escalade. Yet the Escalade has a standard navigation system, and heated/ cooled seats, rearview camera, rear distance sensors, and premium audio, which most GL's come optioned with, making them comparably priced with the same equipment. The Mercedes GL's base price has also risen steadily.


  • 2007–present — 6.2 L Vortec 6200 V8, 403 horsepower (301 kW)

Standard Features

Standard features of the Cadillac Escalade include air conditioning w/tri-zone climate controls, tilt faux wood & real leather-wrapped steering wheel w/radio controls, cruise control, leather upholstery, heated front seats and heated 2nd-row seats, 14-way power front seats, memory system, remote engine start, premium sound system, 6-disc CD changer, rear radio controls, compass, power lift-gate, and outside-temperature indicator. The Platinum adds on a DVD entertainment system, navigation system, heated and cooled cupholders, rearview camera, cooled front seats, upgraded leather upholstery, and power-retractable running boards.



  • On the automatic trunk button, the "off" signal was changed from the letter "O" to the word "off."
  • Escalade badging on the trunk lid was moved from the left side to the right.
  • Seating capacity was increased to 8 passengers


  • The gauges were updated
  • A newly re-designed remote for keyless entry was introduced to further distinguish it from the Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Denali siblings.
  • Bluetooth hands-free interface was made standard.
  • A power tilt steering wheel was made standard.
  • The Satellite Navigation System (optional) now added instant traffic updates and re-routing options.
  • Side Zone Blind Spot Alert was made standard.
  • GM's Magnetic Ride Control (MRC) was made standard on all models.


  • General Motors badges were dropped on the doors.[6]


  • 2nd row headrests made larger and no longer adjustable.


  • GM facelifted the Cadillac Escalade lineup with a new set of headlights.


  • Silver Coast Metallic and Sapphire Blue Metallic were added as new color trims, along with a revised grade braking performance.


  • A new color, Midnight Plum Metallic, were added. This is the first time that the Escalade will only be available in both standard and ESV brands, as the EXT and Hybrid models were discontinued.[7]


2009 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid

A Hybrid version of the luxury vehicle debuted at the 2008 South Florida International Auto Show in Miami, and went on sale in 2008 as a 2009 model at a starting price of $74,085[8] for a two-wheel drive model. In August, 20% of Cadillac Escalade sales were hybrids.

The Escalade Hybrid takes 8.2 seconds to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) . Power is from a 6 liter V8 engine that makes 332 hp (248 kW) at 5100 rpm and 367 lb·ft (498 N·m) at 4100 rpm.

Flex-Fuel versions have also joined the lineup.

Eli Manning received an Escalade Hybrid for being the 2007 Superbowl MVP.

Fourth generation (2015–)

Production 2014
Model year(s) 2015 (on sale April 2014)
Assembly Arlington, Texas, U.S.
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform GMT K2XX
Engine(s) 6.2L EcoTec3 V-8 FlexFuel
Transmission(s) 6-speed GM 6L80 automatic
Wheelbase 116.0 in (2,946 mm)
130.0 in (3,302 mm) (ESV)
Length 202.5 in (5,144 mm)
224.3 in (5,697 mm) (ESV)
Width 80.5 in (2,045 mm)
Height SWB: 74.4 in (1,890 mm)
ESV:74.0 in (1,880 mm)
Related Chevrolet Suburban
Chevrolet Tahoe
GMC Yukon/Yukon XL/GMC Yukon Denali and Yukon Denali XL (2015)
Designer Bob Boniface (exterior design director)[9]

On October 7, 2013, Cadillac unveiled the fourth generation Escalade and Escalade ESV at a star-studded event in New York City, just nearly a month after GM unveiled their next-generation SUVs from Chevrolet and GMC. Cadillac began its campaign to promote the Escalade on August 14, 2013,[10] and started posting teasers online on September 23, 2013, with help from photographer Autumn de Wilde, who helped reveal more images ahead of the unveiling.[11] A YouTube page called "Escalade Reveal" was set up to showcase the videos along with the countdown to unveiling. On November 25, 2013, Cadillac began spreading the word of mouth about the 2015 Escalade by placing a front facsimile cutout of the vehicle on display at Sak's Fifth Avenue's New York City flagship store during its annual Christmas promotional campaign, which shows the SUV being frozen in wraps.[12]

Production on The Escalade began in January 2014 at GM's Arlington, Texas assembly plant and went on sale in April 2014 as a 2015 model (with the MRSP starting at around $71,000 for Full Size, $74,000 for ESV), and available in only three trims: Base, Luxury, and Premium.[13][14] International sales are scheduled to start in the Summer of 2014.[15] They are assigned to the GMT K2XX platform as K2XL.

Details and features

On February 13, 2010, according to a report on, GM had reissued a redesign on the GM fullsize SUV lineup, including the Escalade, for a 2014 release due to increased SUV sales, and was working on its fullsize SUV replacements, which would see a possible change in the Escalade's SUV platform.[16] But in July 2013, a series of spy shots revealed that GM will keep the Escalade a body-on-frame SUV.[17] However, GM is looking at expanding the Escalade brand to the large CUV segment, which would see a vehicle using the Escalade badge sharing the same platform as the Chevrolet Traverse and GMC Acadia, which is in the planning stages.[18] According to VP Bob Ferguson, Cadillac's first 3-row Escalade CUV could be introduced in 2016.[19] There is also a possibility that GM might export the Escalade to Australia as a Right-hand drive vehicle as part of Cadillac's global expansion, despite GM's decision to shut down its Holden division there in 2017.[20]

For the fourth generation Escalade, the SUVs share the same interior and exterior DNA as the Suburban/Tahoe and Yukon/XL/Denali. The only difference is that the front fascia has been completely redesigned featuring the same Cadillac signature frontal design, while the LED taillamps that are located in the back now extend from the bumper all the way up to the top of the tailgate.

The cargo space was reduced from 109.8 in (2,789 mm) to 94.2 in (2,393 mm) on the standard base and from 137.5 in (3,493 mm) to 120.5 in (3,061 mm) on the ESV in order to allow an additional 1.7 inches of headroom and 45.3 inches of legroom in the front while reducing the third-row legroom space to 24.8 inches from 25.6 inches. GM's 6.2-liter EcoTec3 V8, good for 420 horsepower and 460 pound-feet of torque, mated to a six-speed automatic transmission, is the only engine offered, along with a new coil-over front suspension and five-link rear setup, a wider track, variable-assist electric power steering and Cadillac's Magnetic Ride Control system with Tour and Sport modes. The interior now boast a hand-crafted design that features cut-and-sewn and wrapped materials, with wood trim options chosen for elegance and authenticity. The dashboard was also updated, and the Cadillac CUE system is added as a standard feature, along with an updated security system.[21]

On December 23, 2013, Cadillac unveiled seven color palettes for the exterior trims on the Escalade: Dark Granite Metallic, Radiant Silver Metallic, Black Raven, White Diamond Tricoat, Silver Coast Metallic, Crystal Red Tintcoat and Majestic Plum Metallic, and three colors for the interior: Jet Black with Jet Black Accents, Kona Brown with Jet Black Accents, and Shale with Cocoa Accents.[22]

On August 11, 2014, Cadillac announced that the Escalade lineup will receive a 8-Speed transmission, Surround View camera and 4G LTE connectivity as part of a mid-year refreshening, which also sees the wreaths on the grille disappear from the Escalade as part of Cadillac's plans to update the logo to emphasize the crest on all of its models.[23]

Hennessey HPE550

On April 23, 2014, Hennessey Performance Engineering announced that will offer a HPE550 supercharger upgrade to fourth generation Escalade customers, which includes a belt-driven supercharger, air-to-water intercooler, recalibrated engine management software and a three-year/36,000 mile powertrain warranty, a 6psi boost that will increase the 6.2L engine's performance to 557 horsepower and 542 pound-feet of torque, and 20-inch lightweight H10 forged monoblock wheels, to further improve performance. The upgrades, once they are ordered by customers, have a set price of $15,950.[24]

Critical reception

The reviews for the fourth generation Escalade's redesign has been met with positive results from automotive critics. USA Today's James R. Healey and Fred Meier noted that "The once-unthinkable big Cadillac SUV has become indispensable."[25] CNET's Antuan Goodwin notes that "Fans of the Escalade will appreciate the automaker's sticking with the original message and not "ruining" its former flagship, but if you already think the giant luxury SUV is a relic of the past, there's nothing in the 2015 Escalade that will convince you that it's anything but an old dog that's learned a few cool new tricks."[26] Carscoops noted that "It may have impressed us more if a) it had shown the Escalade first instead of last, after the Chevrolet and GMC models or b) if the Chevrolet Tahoe and Suburban and GMC Yukon and Yukon XL simply did not exist…" and added that Cadillac has won their attention with the redesign.[27] Scott Burgess of Motor Trend summed up the redesign in its headline, saying its "It's bigger, it's bolder and it's more beautiful."[28] Bill Visnic of Edmunds concluded in his review that "With subtle, new sheet metal refreshingly free of styling gimmicks, Cadillac's looking to the 2015 Escalade's all-new and upgraded interior to help it retain its role as the benchmark of bling SUVs."[29] The vehicle received a positive review by Autoblog contributor Michael Hartley, who took a road trip with a standard 4WD full size trim from Los Angeles to Monterey, California. Although Hartley was skeptical at first, he came away impressed: "A 600-mile trip in the Escalade left me convinced that it has the features, build quality and driving dynamics to strike new fear in the segment."[30]

For 2015, Cadillac is rumored to add a twin-turbo V6 package offering, like CTS and XTS (V-sport), the Escalade may receive the same offering, but will keep the V8 engine as an option, unlike the Lincoln Motor Company new 2015 Navigator. GM recently hired Infiniti's Johan de Nysschen to serve as Cadillac president and help revitalize the brand. June (2014) shipments showed Cadillac down a few percent for the year, however the Escalade was among the biggest winners with a 74-percent sales jump, and was one of Cadillac's best sellers the following July.

On August 20, 2014, Automotive News and Autoblog began reporting that Cadillac dealers have been waiting three times longer than usual - a month or more - from the time an Escalade leaves the assembly line to when it gets delivered, saying they don't always know where their vehicles are in transit, or when they are set to arrive, upsetting customers who have put down deposits, leading to Cadillac dealerships to reportedly stop taking pre-orders. Even customers who placed orders as far as February 2014 are still waiting for the vehicles according to the dealerships' owners. Cadillac blames the delays on two weeks of "dwell time," citing "a lengthy quality-assurance process on some interior parts" that caused the lag, as well as additional issues with figuring out which vehicles should be delivered first. Despite the setback, Cadillac does plan to correct the issues with adding more employees and speed up production at the Arlington plant.[31]


On May 20, 2014, GM announced that it was recalling 1,402 2015 Escalades and Escalade ESVs due to "an insufficiently heated plastic weld that attaches the (front) passenger side air bag to the instrument panel assembly could result in a partial deployment of the air bag in the event of a crash." GM also placed a temporary halt on further sales and informed owners not to let passengers to sit in the front passenger side seats until they are replaced.[32]

Escalade EXT

The Escalade EXT sport utility truck (released alongside its twin, the Chevrolet Avalanche) was introduced in 2002 from the Cadillac division of General Motors. It features a "Convert-a-Cab" composite pickup bed that can be expanded into the truck's cab through a bottom-hinged door. Like the Avalanche, the EXT has four full-size doors and seating for five. The EXT was only offered with the 6.0 L V8 High Output engine. High-intensity discharge headlights were offered for 2003. The Escalade EXT also appears in the movie, The Matrix Reloaded along with the CTS in product placement ads. All Escalade EXTs are built in Mexico.

The Escalade EXT (based on the Cadillac Escalade) was created as a direct competitor to the failed Lincoln Blackwood, a pickup truck based on the Ford F-150. It had competed with the Lincoln Mark LT (now discontinued in the United States and Canada), another F-150-based pickup truck that made its debut in 2007. It now competes with the Ford F-150 Platinum, which is still known as the Lincoln Mark LT in Mexico.


In 2005, Cadillac released its first version of the Platinum Escalade. It was only available in the ESV model. It had such features as heated and ventilated Seats (front and back), heated and ventilated cup holders, special 20" wheels, special leathers and interior design, extra labeling and HID headlamps.

In 2008, Cadillac offered the Platinum Edition on its redesigned Escalade and Escalade ESV models. It includes such features as a unique front fascia and grill, heated and cooled cup holders, limited edition 22" wheels, additional chrome pieces and accents, 2 additional dvd monitors- located in the headrests of each front seat, special hand stitched leathers, real aluminum interior accents, Advanced Magnetic Ride Control system, genuine olive ash and burled walnut wood interior trim, and the world's first production LED headlamps.

In 2009, Cadillac released a Hybrid Platinum Escalade.


General Motors has announced it is currently working on its fullsize SUV replacements.[33] A Lambda based Cadillac will go into production to compliment the new Escalade, not replace it.[34]

On February 13, 2010, according to a report on, GM has reissued a redesign on the GM fullsize SUV lineup, including the Escalade, for a 2013 release due to increased SUV sales.

U.S. sales

Calendar Year Escalade EXT ESV Total U.S. sales
1998[35] 3,089 - - 3,089
1999 23,897 - - 23,897
2000[36] 23,346 - - 23,346
2001 31,270 546 - 31,816
2002[37] 36,114 13,494 36 49,644
2003 35,621 11,256 12,866 59,743
2004[38] 36,994 9,638 15,618 62,250
2005 29,876 7,766 13,502 51,144
2006[39] 39,017 7,019 16,170 62,206
2007 36,654 7,967 16,370 60,991
2008[40] 23,947 4,709 11,054 39,710
2009[41] 16,873 2,423 6,588 25,884
2010[42] 16,118 2,082 8,674 26,874
2011[43] 15,079 2,036 8,388 25,503
2012[44] 12,615 1,934 8,083 22,632
2013[45] 12,592 1,972 7,950 22,514


Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Cadillac Escalade. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

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