|Headquarters||Harvey, Illinois, USA|
Early Buda engines were gasoline fueled. Later, diesel fueled engines were introduced, utilizing proprietary Lanova cylinder head designs, injection pumps and nozzles. These were known as Buda-Lanova diesel engines. Buda Engine Company was acquired by Allis-Chalmers in 1953. The Buda-Lanova models were re-christened "Allis Chalmers Diesel".
Buda's engines were water-cooled, in-line 4, 6, or 8 cylinder models. Buda advertisements in the early 1900's proclaimed Buda as "Pioneer of the cast-in-block" method. Their engines featured long stroke, enclosed valves, noisless timing gears, and self contained oiling system. Early 4-cylinder gasoline fueled models produced 30 to 60 bhp. Later 6-cylinder diesel fueled Buda-Lanova engines exceeded 200 bhp.
The 4-cylinder Buda gasoline engine was favoured by many early truck manufacturers, who were converting horse-drawn vehicles to self-propelled models. By the late '20's, trucks were getting larger and required larger engines, such as Buda's 6-cylinder models. As diesel engines grew in popularity in the 1930's, Buda responded with 4 and 6 cylinder diesel-fueled engines.
Kenworth's early models (1922-1925) featured Buda 4-cylinder gasoline engines as standard equipment. Buda 6-cylinder gasoline engines were offered by Kenworth until the late 1930's.
Other truck manufacturers that used Buda engines included;
- Acorn (made in Chicago 1923-1930)
- Air-O-Flex (Detroit 1919-1920)
- Armleder (Cincinnati 1909-1936)
- Atco (Kankakee IL 1920-1923)
- Barber (New York City 1917-1918)
- Bell (Ottumwa IA 1919-1923)
- Betz (Hammond IN 1919-1929)
- Brown (St Cloud & Duluth MN 1922-1924)
- Clydesdale (Clyde OH 1917-1938)
- Coleman (Littleton CO 1925-1943)
- Columbia (Pontiac MI 1916-1925)
- Commerce (Detroit 1917-1932)
- Concord (Concord NH 1917-1933)
- Condor (Chicago IL 1939-1940)
- Day-Elder (Irvington NJ 1919-1937)
- Dearborn (Chicago 1919-1924)
- Dependable (East St Louis IL 1918-1923)
- Double Drive (Benton Harbor MI 1922-1930)
- Douglas (Omaha 1917-1931)
- Eagle (St Louis 1920-1928)
- Fremont-Mais (Fremont OH 1914-1915)
- Fulton (Farmingdale NY 1916-1925)
- Gary Motor Truck (Gary IN 1916-1927)
- Gotfredson (Detroit Michigan & Walkerville Ontario 1923-1948)
- Hawkeye (Sioux City IA 1915-1933)
- Hug (Highland IL 1921-1942)
- Hurlburt (New York City 1912-1927)
- Jumbo (Saginaw MI 1918-1924)
- Kalamazoo (Kalamazoo MI 1913-1924)
- Kleiber (San Francisco 1914-1937)
- Lehigh (Allentown PA 1925-1927)
- Maccar (Allentown PA 1914-1935)
- MacDonald (San Francisco 1920-1942)
- Relay (Lima OH 1927-1933)
- Rogers Una-Drive (Sunnyvale CA 1919-1922)
- Rumley (LaPorte IN 1919-1928)
- Sandow (Chicago Heights IL 1915-1928)
- Service (Wabash IN 1911-1932)
- Stewart (Buffalo NY 1912-1941)
- Sullivan (Rochester NY 1916-1923)
- Thomas (New York City 1916-1917)
- Tiffin (Tiffin OH 1913-1923)
- Titan (Milwaukee 1917-1932)
- Trabold (Johnstown PA 1911-1932)
- Transport (Mt Pleasant MI 1919-1925)
- Traylor (Allentown PA 1920-1928)
- Walker-Johnson (East Woburn MA 1919-1923)
- Watson (Conastoga NY 1917-1925)
- Agricultural tractor manufacturers, such as Massey-Harris (see also Massey Ferguson) & Cockshutt (see Cockshutt Plow Company) and Oliver used Buda engines.
- Bus, taxi, and motorcoach makers such as Bridgeport, Luxor, and Pennant (see Barley Motor Car Co.) all used Buda engines.
- From 1925-1930, California coach operator, El Dorado, re-fitted new 4-cylinder White buses with 6-cylinder Buda's.
- Firetruck builders Seagrave Fire Apparatus, Duplex, and American LaFrance used Buda engines.
- Buda engines were also used in electric generators, fire pumps, sawmills, cotton gins, and feed mills.
- Gardner-Denver used Buda engines in their air compressors.
- Buda-Lanova diesels were used by Australian Navy and U.S. Coast Guard in the 1940's.
- Gilford Motor Company (1925 - 1935) in the U.K used Buda 6 cylinder engines in some of their vehicles
Parts are still available from "Buda Engine Company" in Shreveport, LA.
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References / sources
Based on wikipedia article (linked from several manufacturers articles)
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