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BorgWarner Inc.[1]
Type Public company
Founded 1880 (as Morse Equalizing Spring Co.)[2]
1928 (formation of Borg-Warner Corp.)[2]
Headquarters Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA
Number of locations 60, in 18 countries[1]
Area served Worldwide
Key people Timothy M. Manganello (CEO)
Industry Automotive industry
Products Powertrain:
manual transmissions
automatic transmissions,
dual clutch transmissions
Revenue (turnover) increaseUS$5.65B (FY 2010)[3]
Operating income increaseUS$569M (FY 2010)[3]
Net income increaseUS$377M (FY 2010)[3]
Total assets increaseUS$5.55B (FY 2010)[4]
Total equity increaseUS$2.26B (FY 2010)[4]
Employees 17,500 worldwide[1]
Divisions BorgWarner Engine Group[5]
BorgWarner Drivetrain Group[5]

BorgWarner Inc. (NYSEBWA) is a United States-based worldwide automotive industry components and parts supplier. It is primarily known for its powertrain products,[1] which include manual and automatic transmissions and transmission components, (e.g., electro-hydraulic control components, transmission control units, friction materials, and one-way clutches), turbochargers, engine valve timing system components, along with four-wheel drive system components.[1]

The company has 60 manufacturing facilities across 18 countries,[1] which include the U.S., Canada, Europe, and Asia. It provides drivetrain component solutions to all three major U.S. automakers,[1] as well as a variety of European[1] and Asian[1] original equipment manufacturer (OEM) customers. BorgWarner has diversified into several automotive-related markets (1999),[2] including ignition interlock technology (ACS Corporation est.1976) for preventing impaired operation of vehicles.[citation needed]

Historically, BorgWarner was also known for their ownership of the Norge appliance company (washers and dryers).[6] [7]

Company history

The original Borg-Warner Corporation was formed in 1928[2] by the merger of Warner Gear,[2] which itself was founded in 1901,[2] and Borg & Beck[2] with roots to 1904,[2] along with two other companies. The company was best known as the supplier of Warner Gear overdrive units for cars of the 1930s to the 1970s,[8] and as the developer of Ford's Ford-O-Matic three-speed automatic transmission introduced in 1950,[2] along with 'Holley' brand Borg & Beck carburetors.[2]

The company is also notable for co-developing the first major non-diesel application of a variable-geometry turbocharger with Porsche, the Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) system, used in the 2007 911 Turbo.[9] BorgWarner claims this technology will reach mainstream cars within 10 years.[9] From 2002, Peugeot, Ford and Renault became major customers for the company's turbochargers[2] with the Volkswagen Group on-board since 1999, choosing to exclusively use the BorgWarner K-Series turbochargers for their then-new 1.8T power plant.

BorgWarner is currently the leading supplier of wet clutches and hydraulic modules for dual clutch transmission systems. With their DualTronic[2] technology, BorgWarner has gained contracts with European automakers[2] that want to use dual clutch transmissions. The German automotive concern Volkswagen Group is BorgWarner's largest customer (by sales),[1] and Europe is their largest market.[1] Light vehicles (automobiles, car-derived vans, and light commercial vehicles) account for 72% of BorgWarner's total sales.[1]

The company's World Headquarters is based in Auburn Hills, Michigan. Robert S. Ingersoll formerly served as the company's CEO and Chairman. BorgWarner's Powertrain Technical Center (PTC) is also based in Auburn Hills.

The BorgWarner Indianapolis 500 Trophy is presented to the winner of the annual Indianapolis 500 auto racing event; this has been provided by the company since 1936,[10][11] as a legacy of Louie Schwitzer who won the first automobile racing event held at the facility, in 1909.[2] It was announced by the Izod Indycar Series that BorgWarner has been selected as the official supplier for the turbochargers to be used in the 2.2L turbocharged engine formula for the series which takes effect in 2012.

Company structure

In 2002, BorgWarner Inc. was split into two key business divisions:[2]

Core products


  • BorgWarner Model DG (Detroit Gear) three-speed automatic transmission
  • BorgWarner Model 35 aluminum-cased automatic transmission (1961),[2] three-speed
  • BorgWarner Model 65 three-speed automatic transmission
  • BorgWarner T-56 six-speed manual transmission (1992)
  • BorgWarner T-84 three-speed manual transmission (1941)
  • BorgWarner T-85 three-speed manual transmission (1948)
  • BorgWarner T-86 three-speed manual transmission (1945)
  • BorgWarner T-87 three-speed manual transmission (1948)
  • Borg-Warner T-90 three-speed manual transmission (1945)
  • BorgWarner T-96 three-speed manual transmission (1945)
  • BorgWarner T-98 four-speed manual transmission (1948)
  • BorgWarner T-10 four-speed manual transmission (1956)[2]
  • BorgWarner T-14 three-speed manual transmission (1967)
  • BorgWarner T-15 three-speed manual transmission (1972)
  • BorgWarner T-18 four-speed manual transmission (1965)
  • BorgWarner T-19 four-speed manual transmission (1968)
  • BorgWarner T-150 three-speed manual transmission (1976)
  • BorgWarner T-176 four-speed manual transmission (1980)
  • BorgWarner HR-1 four-speed manual transmission (1977)
  • BorgWarner SR-4 four-speed manual transmission (1980)
  • BorgWarner T-4 four-speed manual transmission (1980)[2]
  • BorgWarner T-5 five-speed manual transmission (1980)[2]
  • Borg-Warner T-50 five-speed manual transmission
  • BorgWarner DualTronic (2001),[2] for series production in 2003[2] - more commonly known as Direct-Shift Gearbox
  • BorgWarner M35 (see Model 35 above)
  • BorgWarner M44 three-speed automatic transmission (aluminum case)
  • BorgWarner M8 three-speed automatic transmission (iron case)
  • BorgWarner M11 three-speed automatic transmission (iron case)
  • BorgWarner M12 three-speed automatic transmission (iron case)

Transfer Cases

  • Quadra-Track (1973)

Subsidiary companies

The following are subsidiary companies of the parent, BorgWarner Inc.,[12] and/or its primary divisions, and outline their respective products:

BorgWarner Drivetrain Group[13]

Transmission Systems

TorqTransfer Systems

  • Gear synchronizers[15]
  • Transfer cases[15]
    • 44-05 Torque-on-Demand (TOD) for Ford (1994)[2]
    • 44-09 4WD transfer case for Mercedes-Benz (1997)[2]
  • Pre-emptive torque management[15]
    • Multi-plate clutch coupling. The ITM 3e multi-plate clutch coupling is used in the Hyundai Santa Fe, Hyundai Tucson and Porsche 911. In normal conditions, it sends up to 95% of the torque to the front wheels. In the case of the Hyundais, the system can be locked in a 50:50 split so that you have a more dedicated off-road system. The system can be locked with the '4WD LOCK' button. The ITM 3e uses a multi-plate clutch coupling with magnetic activation
  • InterActive torque management[15]
    • Acura's SH-AWD system was also built under the joint-venture of Honda and Borg-Warner for AWD systems. It acts like the ITM 3e coupling system, but also features a rear torque-vectoring axle
  • Aftermarket products[15]

BorgWarner Engine Group[16]

Morse TEC

Turbo&Emissions Systems

Thermal Systems

Beru AG

Company facilities locations

BorgWarner Inc. has the following production locations:[21][22]

North America, inc United States
Auburn Hills, MI - World Headquarters
Addision, IL
Asheville, North Carolina
Auburn Hills, MI - Powertrain Technical Center
Bellwood, IL
Cadillac, MI
Cortland, NY
Dixon, IL
El Salto, Mexico
Fletcher, North Carolina
Frankfort, IL
Guadalajara, Mexico
Ithaca, NY
Livonia, MI
Longview, TX
Marshall, MI
Muncie, IN (closed 2009)[23]
Seneca, South Carolina
Simcoe, Ontario, Canada
Water Valley, MS
Arcore, Italy
Arnstadt, Germany
Bradford, England
Bretten, Germany (BERU)
Chazelles sur Lyon, France (BERU)
Diss, England (BERU)
Heidelberg, Germany
Ketch, Germany
Kirchheimbolanden, Germany
Ludwigsburg, Germany
Margam, Wales
Markdorf, Germany
Muggendorf, Germany (BERU)
Neuhaus, Germany (BERU)
Oroszlany, Hungary (BERU)
Rzeszów, Poland
Tulle, France
Vitoria, Spain (BERU)
Aoyama, Japan
Beijing, China
Changwon, South Korea
Chennai, India
Eumsung, South Korea
NSK-Warner - Fukuroi, Japan
Kakkalur, India
Nabari City, Japan
Ningbo, China
Oochang, Korea
Pune, India (BERU)
Pune, India
Pyongtaek, South Korea
Seoul, South Korea
Shanghai, China
Sirsi, India
South America
Campinas, Brazil

See also


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 "BorgWarner - Fast Facts". Retrieved on 29 October 2010.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 "BorgWarner - Our History". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 BorgWarner (BWA) annual SEC income statement filing via Wikinvest.
  4. 4.0 4.1 BorgWarner (BWA) annual SEC balance sheet filing via Wikinvest.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 "BorgWarner - Business Profile". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  6. "OUTLINES PLAN TO BOOST SALES OF NORGE LINES". Chicago Daily Tribune. Retrieved on 7 May 2011.
  7. "Borg-Warner Sells Its Norge Division" (2 Jul 1968). Retrieved on 7 May 2011. 
  8. "Borg-Warner R10 Overdrives?" (internet forum). HotRodders Bulletin Board. (9 March 2005). Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "911 Turbo technology coming to a car near you". (12 October 2006). Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  10. "BorgWarner and the Indianapolis 500". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  11. "IRL: Borg-Warner Trophy Has Long, Colorful History of Excellence". Gordon Communications. (8 April 1998). Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  12. "BorgWarner - Logos". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  13. "BorgWarner - Drivetrain Group". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  14. "BorgWarner - Drivetrain Group: Transmission Systems". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 "BorgWarner - Drivetrain Group: TorqTransfer Systems". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  16. "BorgWarner - Engine Group". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 "BorgWarner - Engine Group: Morse TEC". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 "BorgWarner - Engine Group: Turbo & Emissions Systems". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 "BorgWarner - Engine Group: Thermal Systems". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 "BorgWarner - Engine Group: BERU AG". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  21. "BorgWarner - Facilities". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  22. "BorgWarner - Global Locations". BorgWarner Inc.. Retrieved on 29 October 2009.
  23. /story.asp?S=6057234

External links

  • official corporate portal
  • BSU archives Warner Gear Division Collection (MSS 178), BorgWarner Corporation Collection (MSS 185), and UAW Local 287 of BorgWarner Records (MSS 165) - Ball State University Archives and Special Collections Research Center

Transmission types
Continuously variable
Bicycle gearing
  • Derailleur gears
  • Hub gears
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