Greer, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Comp.)|
|Successor||BMW X5 (E70)|
|Class||Mid-size crossover SUV|
|Wheelbase||111.0 in (2819 mm)|
|Length||183.7 in (4666 mm)|
|Width||73.7 in (1872 mm)|
2000-03 V8: 67.2 in (1707 mm)|
2001-03 I6: 67.5 in (1715 mm)
2004-06 V8: 69.0 in (1753 mm)
2004-06 I6: 69.3 in (1760 mm)
|Fuel capacity||93 L (25 US gal/20 imp gal)|
The BMW E53 series is the basis for the 1999 through 2006 BMW X5 Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV). Production ceased September, 2006 and has been replaced by the BMW E70. The E53 was developed at a time when BMW still owned Land Rover and as such shares many components and designs with both the Land Rover Range Rover L322 model (specifically the Hill Descent System and Off Road Engine Management system) and the BMW E39 5-series (specifically engines and electronic systems). The entire in-car entertainment system (Radio Function, Navigation System, Television and Telecommunications systems) are shared with other BMWs and L322. As a result the X5 model earlier models and L322 can be easily upgraded with the newest BMW technologies.
The history of the X5 begins in the late 1990s, when Chris Bangle drew the first sketches at the BMW DesignworksUSA studio in California. In many ways, the current car closely resembles these initial sketches.
The takeover of Rover proved to be very beneficial for BMW in the development of the X5. BMW engineers were able to look at and use Range Rover technology and parts in the development of the X5 - one such example would be hill-descent control. In many respects, the design of the X5 was influenced by its British counterpart; for example, the X5 got the two-piece tailgate straight from the Range Rover. Many parts and electronics were also taken directly from the E39 5 Series parts bin to save costs.
In contrast to the Range Rover models, the X5 was designed as a sporting road car: its off-road capabilities are significantly less than those of Land Rover. BMW reportedly worked hard to ensure it was referred to as an SAV (Sports Activity Vehicle) instead of an SUV (Sports Utility Vehicle).
Even though the X5 was an all-wheel drive vehicle, BMW chose from the start to route 62% of the engine's torque to the rear wheels, making it feel as close as possible to the company's rear-wheel drive sedans.
Flexible Electronics DesignEdit
Since the start of production the entire in-car entertainment system (Radio Function, Navigation System, Television and Telecommunications systems) is based on a very flexile automotive computer system. As a result the E53 models can all be easily upgraded with the newest BMW technologies including BMW's Bluetooth System, the DVD based Navigation system, as well as BMW's CD changers that play MP3s
A sporty model badged 4.6is was released in 2002, having both exterior and interior decorations, including 20-inch wheels. The 4.6L V8 engine was derived from the 4.4L V8, tuned by M GmbH. A sporty model badged 4.8is was also released a few years later replacing the 4.6 engine with a 4.8 liter and was labeled "fastest SUV in the world".
In 2003 for the 2004 model year the X5 was facelifted with new headlights, a few new exterior colors, a new four-wheel drive system and upgraded engines. The grilles were enlarged, as well as their actual slats being modified in a 'flame surfaced' style. In keeping with the E39 facelift of 2001, the 2004 X5's headlights got "angel-eyes" (rings or halos around all front headlamps). The taillights also received a facelift similar to the BMW E39, and the exterior glass went from a "dotted" pattern to a cleaner "line" pattern. BMW invented a new four-wheel drive system dubbed xDrive shared both in the X5 and X3 in 2004. Instead of using the previous X5 system which consisted of power being split 62-38 (rear wheels-front wheels) and DSC to brake wheels losing traction, xDrive could vary power to the front or rear axles in milliseconds, transferring up to 100% of engine power to either axle, thus allowing the vehicle to regain traction quickly.
The X5 got the new 4.4i engine which debuted in the 2002 7-Series; power output rose from 290 to 315 hp (242 kW). Also from April onwards, a new X5 4.8is was offered (see below), giving the driver 355 hp (265 kW) and making it the third fastest SUV.
Several new extras were added to the 2004 X5 such as:
- Soft-boot close feature (the top part of the trunk pulls itself closed)
- Trailer Stability Program (making it an ideal tow vehicle)
- Adaptive Headlights (available only with xenon HID headlamps; these swivel with the direction of travel of the car)
Originally announced in the end of 2003 along with the rest of the X5 facelift, the X5 4.8is first started shipping in April 2004. In had a new larger 4.8 L engine (which replaced the 4.6 L engine), and was also later used in the 2005 750i/Li. It also included a slightly modified bodykit (parts of the bottom bumper became painted the body color), 20" wheels, and along with the 4.6is, were the only X5's ever to have a large chrome-tipped exhaust which hid the quad pipes.
Along with the rest of the BMW lineup (apart from the E65 7 series), the X5 got Bluetooth kits straight from the factory if ordered with the Premium Package.
Specifically, the 4.4i & 4.8is models got xenon HID headlamps as standard equipment in the United States.
The X5 was not fitted with the new BMW R6 engine, which increased power for both the 2.5i and 3.0i I6 versions of the 2006 X3 and Z4 significantly. It is rumored that BMW held back deploying the engine in the 2006 X5 so as not to waste development costs in retooling the assembly line, and to make way for a more dramatic unveiling of the all new 2007 BMW X5. In fact, 2006 also marks the end of the E53 X5 as well.
- B4/VR4 ballistic protection, capable of withstanding handguns up to a .44 calibre, including .357 Magnums or 9mm Luger.
- Polycarbonate re-inforced glass windows
- An intercom to speak with people outside the vehicle.
- An assault alarm, which when activated, locks all doors and emits both visual and audio alert signals.
|Model||Model Year||Engine||Output (bhp/kw)||0-100 (seconds)|
|3.0i||2001–2006||M54B30||231 / 172||8.8|
|3.0d||2001–2003||M57D30||180 / 134||10.1|
|2004–2006||M57TUD30||218 / 162||8.8|
|4.4i||2000–2003||M62TUB44||286 / 213||7.6|
|2004–2006||N62B44||320 / 238||7.0|
|4.6is||2001–2003||M62B46||341 / 254||7.0|
|4.8is||2004–2006||N62B48||360 / 268||6.1|
- Winner of Australia's Best Luxury Four Wheel Drive in 2001 and 2002.
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at BMW X5 (E53). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia|
|« previous — BMW road car timeline, 1980s–present|
|Small family||3 Compact||E36/5||E46/5|
|1 Series||E81 / E82 / E87 / E88|
|Compact exec||3 Series||E21||E30||E36||E46||E90 / E91 / E92 / E93|
|Executive||5 Series||E12||E28||E34||E39||E60 / E61||F10 / F11|
|Luxury Coupé||6 Series||E24||E63 / E64||F12 / F13|
|Luxury||7 Series||E23||E32||E38||E65 / E66 / E67 / E68||F01 / F02 / F03 / F04|
|Roadster||Z Series||E30 (Z1)||E36/7 & E36/8 (Z3)||E85 / E86 (Z4)||E89 (Z4)|
|M||1 Series M Coupe||E82 M|
|M3||E30 M3||E36 M3||E46 M3||E90/92/93 M3|
|M5||E28 M5||E34 M5||E39 M5||E60/61 M5|
|M6||E24 M635CSi/"M6"||E63/64 M6|
|M Roadster||E36/7 (Z3) M||E85 (Z4) M|
|M Coupé||E36/8 M Coupé||E86 M Coupé|
|Supercar/GT||E26 (M1)||E31 (8 series)||E52 (Z8)|
|X6||E71 / E72|
|Progressive Activity||5 GT||F07|