|Founded||1964 (as Hefei Jianghuai Automobile)|
|Headquarters||Hefei, Anhui, China|
Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd., also known as JAC, is an truck manufacturer based in Hefei, Anhui Province, China. The company was founded on 30 September 1999. The company was previously known as Hefei Jianghuai Automobile Factory, which was founded in 1964.
There are also tractors sold by, possibly manufactured by, Jinghuai under the JAC brand. These are smaller tractors, under 60hp.
JAC has historically only produced commercial trucks (under the brand name Jianghui), but MPVs and SUVs appeared in the 2000s. By 2007 the company had gained government approval for passenger car production but, nonetheless, continued to be referred to as a truck maker. When it was known as a commercial vehicle manufacturer, JAC cooperated with Hyundai Motors. Beginning in 2003, it assembled Hyundai MPVs although this stopped sometime prior to 2007. At least two models based on Hyundai technology continued to be made by JAC after the cooperation was cancelled–a MPV and a SUV. Hyundai explored setting up a joint venture with the company in 2004, but the plan was soon discarded.
In a recent event a 2009 Chinese government indication that it was in continued support of consolidation in the Chinese auto industry led analysts to predict the possibility of JAC joining with Chery since they are both located in Anhui. On the surface such a merger would make sense: Chery mainly built passenger cars and JAC was almost entirely focused on trucks at the time. Since then, however, JAC has made it clear that they are not interested in consolidation under the aegis of the larger Chery. JAC has began to concentrate more on passenger cars, and a 2010 announcement of a new electric vehicle program may at least partially have been an effort to stave off the rumored merger.
Sales reached more than 300,000 units in 2009 including 12,100 sold overseas.
In 2010 it was one of the top ten most-productive vehicle manufacturers in China selling 458,500 units for 2.5% market share and reaching eighth place. Estimated production capacity is over 500,000 units/year as of 2009. Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.
JAC announced a pair of joint ventures with Navistar International Corporation and NC2 Global (itself a Navistar/Caterpillar joint venture) on 16 September 2010. The NC2 joint venture will manufacture heavy duty trucks and parts. The Navistar joint venture, to be called JAC-Navistar Diesel Engine Company (JND), will build medium to heavy diesel engines in China with parts and services provisioned by Navistar. The new companies will both be located in Hefei where JAC is also based. Cummins bought out Navistar's equity in the engine jv in 2018.
Sales outside China
Since export began in 1990 (to Bolivia), JAC products have been sold in over 100 nations. Light trucks are a popular export product.
Some exports are in the form of knock-down kits, which are assembled at overseas factories in countries including Egypt, Ethiopia, and Vietnam. As of 2010 a possible factory in Slovakia is under discussion. Such factories are not necessarily owned by or affiliated with JAC. Knock-down exports are an easy way to gain access to developing markets without added after-sales service costs.
In 2009 JAC started a partnership with a distributor in Brazil, the SHC group. As of early 2011, it had more than 10,000 firm orders from its Brazilian partner. In 2009 JAC also had plans to build a production base in the country. As of 2011, the plant will be located in Bahia state and built in cooperation with the SHC group, which is providing 80% of the initial investment.
Production bases and facilities
A 40,000 unit/year medium-to-heavy truck production base should become operation in 2012 and is probably located in Hefei. Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.
|Model||Year(s) Produced||Horsepower||Engine Type||Misc Notes||Photo|
|JAC JT160||16 hp (12 kW)|
|JAC JT160D||16 hp (12 kW)|
|JAC JT180||18 hp (13 kW)|
|JAC JT200||20 hp (15 kW)|
|JAC JT204||20 hp (15 kW)|
|JAC JT220||22 hp (16 kW)|
|JAC JT220A||22 hp (16 kW)|
|JAC JT250||25 hp (19 kW)|
|JAC JT254||25 hp (19 kW)|
|JAC JT254A||25 hp (19 kW)|
|JAC JT254D||25 hp (19 kW)|
|JAC JT280D||28 hp (21 kW)|
|JAC JT284D||28 hp (21 kW)|
|JAC JT300A||30 hp (22 kW)|
|JAC JT304A||30 hp (22 kW)|
|JAC JT350||35 hp (26 kW)|
|JAC JT354||35 hp (26 kW)|
|JAC JT360||36 hp (27 kW)|
|JAC JT364||36 hp (27 kW)|
|JAC JT400||40 hp (30 kW)|
|JAC JT404||40 hp (30 kW)|
|JAC JT450||45 hp (34 kW)|
|JAC JT454||45 hp (34 kW)|
|JAC W220||22 hp (16 kW)|
|JAC W250||25 hp (19 kW)|
|JAC W254||25 hp (19 kW)|
|JAC W280||28 hp (21 kW)|
- Refine (Ruifeng)
- Rein (Ruiying)
- Heavy Dump Truck
- Heavy Trailer
- Middle Duty Truck
- Heavy Trailer
- Heavy-Duty Truck
- Welcome to Anhui! - Chery on top - Chinadaily
- Invest in Torino and Piemonte - Chinese carmaker opens styling center in Turin
- For historical production of trucks and 2000s introduction of MPVs and SUVs, see History JAC Official Site
- For State license to produce passenger cars, see China Jianghuai gets OK for $133 mln truck project reuters.com, Thu Nov 29, 2007 12:52am EST
- For 2007 mention of company as truck maker, see China shares regain almost all prior day's losses reuters.com, Fri Apr 20, 2007 5:37am EDT
- "Hyundai Motor sets up China truck JV", MarketWatch (Sept. 8, 2004). Retrieved on July 14, 2012.
- Ash (DECEMBER 19, 2007). "Uhh oh! Two Korean Hyundai employees arrested for leaking info to JAC JAC MOTORS", chinacartimes.com. Retrieved on July 14, 2012.
- "JAC Eagle SUV gains Audi style grill for 2011 JAC MOTORS", chinacartimes.com (JANUARY 27, 201). Retrieved on July 14, 2012.
- "Hyundai to set up US$1.2b China truck venture". China Daily (2005-06-21). Retrieved on July 14, 2012.
- Big China carmakers, on government cue, woo small rivals (page 2/2) reuters.com, Mon Mar 9, 2009 9:03am EDT
- "JAC (Jianghuai) Teams up with Brazilian Dealer SHC", ChinaAutoWeb.com.
- China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
- "JAC Partners with NC2, Navistar", ChinaAutoWeb.com.
- "Worldwide: Where there is a road, there is a JAC". JAC Motors. Retrieved on 2011-03-07.
- For knock-down factory in Egypt, see The first JAC CKD SRV rolls off in Egypt JAC Official Site
- For knock-down factory in Ethiopia, see [Made in Ethiopia: The story of Holland Car http://www.newsdire.com/news/1857-made-in-ethiopia-the-story-of-holland-car.html] newsdire.com, 14-06-2011
- For knock-down factory in Vietnam, see JAC to break ground in Vietnam Anhui province official site, 03/11/2010
- China's JAC eyes car assembly plant in Slovakia reuters.com, Tue May 4, 2010 7:46am EDT
- 46 JAC Brazil Outlets Opened at the Same Time, JAC Plans to Export More than 300,000 Units in 2015 JAC Official Site, 2011-3-23
- China's JAC Motors to build vehicle plant in Brazil gasgoo.com, July 03, 2009
- "China's JAC Motors to build plant in Brazil". reuters.com. Thompson Reuters (Oct 7, 2011). Retrieved on July 14, 2012.
- China Jianghuai gets OK for $133 mln truck project reuters.com, Thu Nov 29, 2007 12:52am EST
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