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[[File:AMX30B2Brennus.jpg|thumb|left|An AMX-30B2 BRENUS, note the number of [[Reactive armour#Explosive reactive armour|ERA blocks]] mounted on the turret.]]
 
[[File:AMX30B2Brennus.jpg|thumb|left|An AMX-30B2 BRENUS, note the number of [[Reactive armour#Explosive reactive armour|ERA blocks]] mounted on the turret.]]
   
Beginning as early as 1973, only seven years after the beginning of production, the French began a research program for a future modification of the tank.<ref>de Mazarrasa (1990), p. 71</ref> The project was to result in a '' AMX 30 Valorisé'' ("upgraded AMX-30").<ref name="Caiti37">Caiti, p. 37</ref> In June 1979, the French Army decided to both build new and modernize existing AMX-30s with an improved fire control system and a new transmission, and designated them AMX-30B2s.<ref name="Miller89">Miller, p. 89</ref> The first new production vehicles were taken into service in January 1982.<ref>Foss (1986), p. 24</ref> Improvements to the COTAC APX M-508 fire control system included the installation of a [[laser rangefinder]] and a low-light TV (LLTV).<ref>Bishop, p. 220</ref> The main gun's lethality was improved with the introduction of a new armour piercing fin stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS). The original engine was exchanged for an improved variant, known as the HS-110.2, producing {{convert|680|hp|kW|sp=us}}. The poor transmission was replaced with the semi-automatic [http://web.archive.org/web/20110719065520/http://www.renk.newsfactory.de/cms_media/objekte/265-ENC_200.pdf SESM ENC200] transmission, with a torque converter. The suspension was improved by adopting new torsion bars and shocks which increased the vertical deflection range of the road wheels,<ref>de Mazarrasa (1990), p. 72</ref> thereby improving the tank's off-road mobility.<ref>Simpkin, p. 106</ref> From 1998, the French army started to replace the engines of its remaining AMX-30 tanks and variants with 500 Renault Mack E9 750&nbsp;hp engines.<ref name="Foss(2005)30">Foss (2005), p. 30</ref>
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Beginning as early as 1973, only seven years after the beginning of production, the French began a research program for a future modification of the tank.<ref>de Mazarrasa (1990), p. 71</ref> The project was to result in a '' AMX 30 Valorisé'' ("upgraded AMX-30").<ref name="Caiti37">Caiti, p. 37</ref> In June 1979, the French Army decided to both build new and modernize existing AMX-30s with an improved fire control system and a new transmission, and designated them AMX-30B2s.<ref name="Miller89">Miller, p. 89</ref> The first new production vehicles were taken into service in January 1982.<ref>Foss (1986), p. 24</ref> Improvements to the COTAC APX M-508 fire control system included the installation of a [[laser rangefinder]] and a low-light TV (LLTV).<ref>Bishop, p. 220</ref> The main gun's lethality was improved with the introduction of a new armour piercing fin stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS). The original engine was exchanged for an improved variant, known as the HS-110.2, producing {{convert|680|hp|kW|sp=us}}. The poor transmission was replaced with the semi-automatic [http://www.renk.newsfactory.de/cms_media/objekte/265-ENC_200.pdf SESM ENC200] transmission, with a torque converter. The suspension was improved by adopting new torsion bars and shocks which increased the vertical deflection range of the road wheels,<ref>de Mazarrasa (1990), p. 72</ref> thereby improving the tank's off-road mobility.<ref>Simpkin, p. 106</ref> From 1998, the French army started to replace the engines of its remaining AMX-30 tanks and variants with 500 Renault Mack E9 750&nbsp;hp engines.<ref name="Foss(2005)30">Foss (2005), p. 30</ref>
   
 
In the nineties, a [[reactive armour]] package, named BRENUS or [[Brennus (4th century BC)|Brennus]],<ref>Jeudy, p. 265</ref> was also developed for the AMX-30B2, but was issued only to two tank regiments, in peacetime combined into ''1er/ 2e Chasseurs'', in France's rapid reaction force;<ref name="Miller89"/><ref>Foss (2003), p. 429</ref> the other two regiments using the AMX-30, ''2e/5e Dragons'',<ref>Berthemy, p. 18</ref> only had their tanks adapted for a possible upgrade.<ref name="Foss(2005)30" /> The BRENUS system used 112<ref>Berthemy, p. 17</ref> GIAT BS (''Brique de Surblindage'') G2 explosive reactive boxes with a total weight of {{convert|1.7|MT|ST|sp=us}}, offering a protection equivalent to {{convert|400|mm|in|sp=us}} of steel at 60°.<ref name="Foss(2005)30" /> Recently, the AMX-30 has also been used as a testbed for several [[stealth technology|stealth technologies]], including air cooling of hull surfaces and the use of visual camouflage. This prototype is known as the ''Démonstrateur Furtif à Chenille''.<ref>Biass & Richardson, p. 62</ref> Its hull and turret are fully covered by a superstructure built of angled plates made of [[radar absorbent material]].<ref name="Foss(2005)30" />
 
In the nineties, a [[reactive armour]] package, named BRENUS or [[Brennus (4th century BC)|Brennus]],<ref>Jeudy, p. 265</ref> was also developed for the AMX-30B2, but was issued only to two tank regiments, in peacetime combined into ''1er/ 2e Chasseurs'', in France's rapid reaction force;<ref name="Miller89"/><ref>Foss (2003), p. 429</ref> the other two regiments using the AMX-30, ''2e/5e Dragons'',<ref>Berthemy, p. 18</ref> only had their tanks adapted for a possible upgrade.<ref name="Foss(2005)30" /> The BRENUS system used 112<ref>Berthemy, p. 17</ref> GIAT BS (''Brique de Surblindage'') G2 explosive reactive boxes with a total weight of {{convert|1.7|MT|ST|sp=us}}, offering a protection equivalent to {{convert|400|mm|in|sp=us}} of steel at 60°.<ref name="Foss(2005)30" /> Recently, the AMX-30 has also been used as a testbed for several [[stealth technology|stealth technologies]], including air cooling of hull surfaces and the use of visual camouflage. This prototype is known as the ''Démonstrateur Furtif à Chenille''.<ref>Biass & Richardson, p. 62</ref> Its hull and turret are fully covered by a superstructure built of angled plates made of [[radar absorbent material]].<ref name="Foss(2005)30" />
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| journal = Armada International
 
| journal = Armada International
 
| publisher = Armada International
 
| publisher = Armada International
| date = 1 June 2003|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20051013093733/http://www.armada.ch/03-6/complete_03-6.pdf|archivedate=13 October 2005}}
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| date = 1 June 2003}}
 
* {{cite book
 
* {{cite book
 
|last= Bishop
 
|last= Bishop
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[[Category:Gulf War tanks]]
 
[[Category:Gulf War tanks]]
 
[[Category:Main battle tanks of the post–Cold War period]]
 
[[Category:Main battle tanks of the post–Cold War period]]
[[Category:30 (model number)]]
 
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