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2007-08-cesko-207

Škoda favorit - 1939

Škoda Favorit 135
Škoda Favorit 136
Skoda Favorit Utrecht 1989
Škoda Favorit
Manufacturer Škoda Auto
Parent company Volkswagen Group (1991-1995)
Production 135: 07/1989-07/1995
136: 08/1987-07/1995
Predecessor Škoda 130/135/136
Successor Škoda Felicia
Class Small family car
Body style(s) 5-door hatchback
Layout Transverse front engine,
front-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1289 cc I4 petrol engine
Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Length 3,815 mm (150.2 in)
Width 1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height 1,415 mm (55.7 in)
Kerb weight 840 kg (1,852 lb)
Fuel capacity 47 L (10.3 imp gal/12.4 US gal)
Designer Bertone
Škoda Forman
MHV Skoda Forman 01
Škoda Forman
Manufacturer Škoda Auto
Also called Škoda Favorit Estate
Production 1990-1994
Successor Škoda Felicia Combi
Class Small family car
Body style(s) 5-door estate
Layout Transverse front engine,
front-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1289 cc I4 petrol engine
Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Length 4,160 mm (163.8 in)
Width 1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height 1,415 mm (55.7 in)
Kerb weight 840 kg (1,852 lb)
Fuel capacity 47 L (10.3 imp gal/12.4 US gal)
Designer Bertone
Škoda Pick-up
Brno, Wurmova, Škoda Pick-up
Škoda Pick-up
Manufacturer Škoda Auto
Production 1991-1995
Assembly Kvasiny, Czechoslovakia
Predecessor Škoda 105 SP
Successor Škoda Felicia Pickup
Class Light commercial vehicle
Body style(s) 2-door pickup
Layout Transverse front engine,
front-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1289 cc I4 petrol engine
Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Length 4,065 mm (160.0 in)
Width 1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height 1,415 mm (55.7 in)
Fuel capacity 47 L (10.3 imp gal/12.4 US gal)
Designer Bertone

The Škoda Favorit 135 and Škoda Favorit 136 (Type 781)[1] were a range of small family cars produced by Czech auto manufacturer Škoda Auto from 1987 to 1995. It was Škoda Auto's first car to locate the engine at the front, mounted transversely, and was also their first car to use front-wheel drive. The Favorit was premiered in July 1987 a the Brno Engineering Fair. Like other models in the Škoda lineup, the name "Favorit" had been first used on an earlier vehicle - a large imposing luxury limosine produced between 1936 to 1941 (Type 923).

This latest Favorit eventually succeeded the ageing rear-engined, rear-wheel drive Škoda 105/120 Estelle, and was a considerable move towards the modern mainstream in design terms thanks to its Bertone-designed hatchback body and front-wheel drive. However, the Favorit initially took a long time to get to market - Škoda's then owner, the communist government of Czechoslovakia approved the development of this new front-wheel drive car back in 1982, with actual development not starting until 1983.[2] Disputes between the government’s brief, and Nuccio Bertone, the designer, meant that the car was not designed until mid-1985, and full production wouldn't commence until 1987. Probably the worst aspects of this dispute is that a four-door saloon was fully designed, but was never allowed to go into production.

The Favorit proved itself as one of Central Europe's most popular cars, and was also exported to a number of countries including Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Israel, Poland, Russia, Turkey; and others countries.

The Favorit was replaced in 1994 by the Škoda Felicia, which was developed in conjunction with Volkswagen Group, who were by then the owners of Škoda Auto.

It is perhaps comparable to the Volkswagen Polo (non-carbureted versions share the Bosch Mono-Motronic 1.2.3 engine management system with the Volkswagen Polo Mk2 and Volkswagen Golf Mk3) due to its large engine compartment, contributing to the possibility of easy repair. Parts are very universal with other Eastern European cars. Its general design and mechanical functionality is very practical, especially in comparison to a Western car which requires expensive parts, or maintenance for simple knobs, buttons or other simple mechanical and rudimentary apparatus.

Body stylesEdit

The car body style of the Škoda Favorit was a five-door five-seater hatchback. Constructed from mild steel, it utilised the automotive industries' now well-established monocoque design.

A five-door estate version named the Škoda Forman (Type 785)[3] appeared in 1990; this was known as the Favorit Estate in the UK from its launch in June 1991, two years after British buyers were first able to buy the hatchback.

A two-door two-seat pickup truck, called the Škoda Pick-up (Type 787)[4], was introduced the following year.

Following the takeover of Škoda Auto in 1991 by the Volkswagen Group, new developments and upgrades were rapidly implemented on the Favorit. This included new fuel injected catalytic converter versions, marketed as the Li, GLi and the GLXi models were introduced. At the same time many cosmetic improvements were made to the Favorit, such as improved door hinges, Volkswagen seats and interiors, dashboards and instrumentation. Quality control improvements were also implemented, along with safety features such as strengthened beams in the doors, and a redesigned front.

During 1993, another range of modernisations took place, and included mechanical and electrical upgrades to the engine, a facelift of the bodywork, and bigger bumpers.

Luggage capacity in the hatchback was 251 litres with the rear seats in the upright position, and this increased to 1038 litres with the rear seats folded.

Special versions were made in limited numbers. "Black Line" was sold with a pop-up sunroof, Hella clear rear lighs, tinted windows all-around, power door locks, tachometer, digital clock in the center overhead console, 'smart' intermittent wipers, leather-wrapped steering wheel and shifter knob, Hella headlight washer, and a Blaupunkt stereo with 4 speakers - the car is recognizable from the all-black paint, and the factory 13" Ronal F-Series alloy wheels. "Silver Line" similar, only in metallic silver color with a black fascia around the back window and the B pillars. These packages were available with both hatchback and estate body styles. "Solitaire" very rare, including all of the above plus spoiler on the 5th door, factory alarm system, power front windows and fuel injection only. (The other specials came with either carbureted or fuel-injected engines.)

PowertrainEdit

For all body styles, the powertrain detail of the Favorit featured just one internal combustion engine - a 1,289 cubic centimetres (78.7 cu in) inline four cylinder four-stroke liquid cooled overhead valve petrol engine. This initially produced a rated motive power output of 46 kilowatts (63 PS/62 bhp) at 5,000 revolutions per minute (rpm). It originally used either a Pierburg 2E-E Ecotronic single-barrel carburettor, or a Pierburg Ecotronic dual-barrel carburettor. This engine had its combustion chambers re-designed by Ricardo Consulting Engineers in the UK, while German car maker Porsche helped engineer the engine mountings. Throughout its timescale in the Favorit, the engine was progressively 'upgraded' with various iterations of emissions control systems, including two different types of catalytic converter, and also utilised improved fueling and engine control by way of Bosch Mono-Motronic single-point fuel injection - and these changes had minor effects on the rated power and torque outputs. The engine requires the cam chain changed every 60.000 kilometers - the chain is relatively short, but has no tensioner.

This engine was also used until 2003 as a 1.4 unit in the Škoda Fabia, and the 1.0 version in the Seat Arosa.

The only transmission available was a five-speed manual gearbox, which was of a trans-axle design, and contained the differential and final drive units. Drive was through the front wheels.

SKODA FAVORIT 135 L

Rear of Škoda Favorit 135 L

SKODA FAVORIT 135 LS

Front of Škoda Favorit 135 LS

SKODA Forman and Favorit Black Line

Black Line estate and hatchback side-by-side

car /
engine
displacement, fuel system,
engine management, emissions control
max. power
@ rpm
max. torque
@ rpm
years
135 petrol engines
135 - 1.3 43 1289 cc, Pierburg carburettor 43 kW (58 PS/58 bhp)
@ 5,000
93 N·m (69 ft·lbf)
@ 3,000-3,250
01/89-07/95
135 - 1.3 42 1289 cc, Pierburg carburettor
non-regulated catalytic converter
42 kW (57 PS/56 bhp)
@ 5,000
93 N·m (69 ft·lbf)
@ 3,000-3,250
01/91-12/93
135 - 1.3 40 1289 cc, Pierburg carburettor
Pierburg Ecotronic, regulated catalytic converter
40 kW (54 PS/54 bhp)
@ 5,000
93 N·m (69 ft·lbf)
@ 3,000-3,250
10/90-12/92
135I - 1.3 40 1289 cc, single-point fuel injection
Bosch Mono-Motronic ECU, regulated catalytic converter
40 kW (54 PS/54 bhp)
@ 5,000
93 N·m (69 ft·lbf)
@ 3,000-3,250
01/93-07/95
136 petrol engines
136 - 1.3 46 1289 cc, carburettor 46 kW (63 PS/62 bhp)
@ 5,000
100 N·m (74 ft·lbf)
@ 3,000-3,750
08/87-07/91
136X - 1.3 50 1289 cc, carburettor 50 kW (68 PS/67 bhp)
@ 5,000
100 N·m (74 ft·lbf)
@ 3,000-3,750
03/93-09/94
136I - 1.3 50 1289 cc, single-point fuel injection
Bosch Mono-Motronic ECU, regulated catalytic converter
50 kW (68 PS/67 bhp)
@ 5,000
100 N·m (74 ft·lbf)
@ 3,000-3,750
01/93-07/95

MotorsportEdit

Škoda favorit racing

A rally prepared Škoda Favorit. This is a non-'works' car used by a 'privateer' to compete in the Czech Böttcher Rally

The Škoda Motorsport entered Favorit won outright in the 2 litre Manufacturers Championship category of the 1994 FIA World Rally Championship with a total of 43 points, despite having only a 1.3 litre engine. It beat rival cars from manufacturers which included Ford, Citroen (AX Sport), Peugeot (205 Rallye and 205 GTI), Fiat (Cinquecento), Renault, Rover (Mini Cooper), Suzuki (Swift GTI), Daihatsu (Charade 1.3i), Lada (Riva), and even a Trabant P 601. It also included cars from other marques from its future parent - Volkswagen Group - namely Volkswagen and SEAT (Marbella GL). Works driver Pavel Sibera managed to pilot the Favorit into the overall top ten classification on two occasions, which included the main World Rally Championship category, and his team-mate Emil Triner achieved the same feat, with a highest placing of 9th overall in the Acropolis Rally, and 8th in the Rallye de España.[5]

ReferencesEdit

Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Škoda Favorit. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

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  1. "Škoda Favorit". Škoda-Auto.com. Retrieved on 22 July 2009.
  2. "Škoda Favorit and Forman" (in Czech). minosurkala.webpark.cz. Retrieved on 22 July 2009.
  3. "Škoda Forman". Škoda-Auto.com. Retrieved on 22 July 2009.
  4. "Škoda Pick-up". Škoda-Auto.com. Retrieved on 22 July 2009.
  5. RallyBase.nl "1994 FIA 2-Litre World Cup for Manufacturers - Final classification"

External linksEdit

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